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Smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) alarms

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The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide (England) Regulations 2015 require all private sector landlords in England to have:

  • at least one smoke alarm installed on every floor of their rental property which is used as living accommodation
  • a carbon monoxide (CO) alarm in any room used as living accommodation where solid fuel is used (e.g. rooms containing an open fire or a wood burning stove)


Private landlords must make sure that the alarms are in working order at the start of each new tenancy (not a renewal of a previous tenancy agreement). 

Landlords will be subject to fines of up to £5,000 if they fail to comply with a remedial notice from their local authority.


Visit Guidance for landlords and tenants for more information on smoke and carbon monoxide alarms.

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